Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich

(1931– )
   While leader of the Communist Party and president of the Soviet Union, Gorbachev presided over the dismantling of the USSR. He had been brought into the Politburo by KGB chief Yuri Andropov and rose to general secretary of the party in 1985. He was president of the Soviet Union from 1988 to 1991 and introduced a period of liberalization. Gorbachev made use of the security services for antireligious campaigns in Central Asia. His efforts with MVD head Vitalii Fedorchuk to purge and reform the police were unsuccessful, and Gorbachev’s reform policies, including glasnost and perestroika, were resisted by KGB figures such as Viktor Chebrikov and Filip Bobkov. Conservative bureaucrats and senior police officials sought to replace him through the August putsch of 1991 but were forced to back down, although Gorbachev was left a weakened figure, overshadowed by Boris Yeltsin.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gorbachev,Mikhail Sergeyevich — Gor·ba·chev (gôrʹbə chôf , chŏf , gər bə chôfʹ), Mikhail Sergeyevich. Born 1931. Soviet politician who was general secretary of the Communist party from 1985 1991 and president of the USSR from 1989 1991, ushering in an era of unprecedented… …   Universalium

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich — (1931– )    Born in a village in Stavropol Krai, Mikhail Gorbachev experienced both the privations of Joseph Stalin’s purges and World War II, losing relatives in both. He proved to be an excellent student and was awarded a law degree from Moscow …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich — (1931– )    The last president of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev oversaw radical changes in both the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and the country as a whole. He presided over the abandonment of the Brezhnev doctrine, and played …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail (Sergeyevich) — born March 2, 1931, Privolye, Stavropol region, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet official and last president of the Soviet Union (1990–91). After earning a law degree from Moscow State University (1955), he rose through the ranks to become a full… …   Universalium

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail (Sergeyevich) —  (1931–) General secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985–1991), president of the Supreme Soviet (1988–1991), president of the USSR (1990–1991) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail — ▪ president of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in full  Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev   born March 2, 1931, Privolye, Stavropol kray, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet official, the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union… …   Universalium

  • Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev — Michail S. Gorbatschow Michail Sergejewitsch Gorbatschow (russisch Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв  anhören?/i, wiss. Transliteration …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev — noun Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931) • Syn: ↑Gorbachev, ↑Mikhail Gorbachev • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sergeyevich — (as used in expressions) Gorbachev Mikhail Sergeyevich Khrushchev Nikita Sergeyevich Prokofiev Sergey Sergeyevich Pushkin Aleksandr Sergeyevich Trubetskoy Nikolay Sergeyevich Turgenev Ivan Sergeyevich Stanislavsky Konstantin Sergeyevich… …   Universalium

  • Mikhail — (as used in expressions) Mikhail Fyodorovich Romanov Bakhtin Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakunin Mikhail Aleksandrovich Barclay de Tolly Mikhail Bogdanovich Prince Baryshnikov Mikhail Nikolayevich Borodin Mikhail Markovich Mikhail Gruzenberg Bulgakov… …   Universalium

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